#
B.Sc Physics

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES

**P O1:**To Explain characteristics of matter in terms their properties, the basic principles and the phenomena connected with heat as radiation, conduction and different thermal capacity of the substances.

**P O2:**To describe the behaviour of stationary electric charges, electricity, magnetism and all aspect of electronics, update the basic functioning of communication system and 8085 microprocessor assembly using C language.

**P O3:**To emphasize the structure, extra nuclear, extra nuclear part of the atom, nuclear forces and models, elementary particles and accelerators.

**P O4:**To explain the fundamental laws of and allied phenomenon’s of reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction, polarization.

**P O5:**To develop the knowledge in relationship between properties and characteristics of materials, inside of the change of position of any physical object and their consequences.

# PROGRAMME SPECIFIC OUTCOMES

**PS O1:**To acquire good knowledge and understanding in advanced area s of physics chosen by the students from the given courses.

**PS O2:**To formulate and develop physical arguments in quantitative and qualitative models arising in related sciences.

**PS O3:**To develop the skills to face various aspects of life like higher studies, research activities, competitive exams, entrepreneurship and employment.

# Syllabus

Hours/Week | 6 | Credits | 6 | ||

Semester | I |

Unit-I: Elasticity | Hooke’s law – Stress-Strain diagram – Factors affecting elasticity- Different moduli of elasticity - Relation between the elastic moduli – Poisson’s ratio –- Twisting couple on a cylinder – Determination of rigidity modulus by static torsion – Work done in twisting a wire -Torsional oscillations of a body- Torsion pendulum - Determination of rigidity modulus and moment of inertia. |

Unit-II: Bending of Beams | Bending of beams - Expression for bending moment – Cantilever – Expression for depression of the loaded end of a cantilever –– Young’s modulus by measuring the tilt in a loaded cantilever – Oscillation of a cantilever - Non-uniform bending – Expression for depression- Uniform bending – Expression for elevation –Experimental determination of Young’s modulus using pin and microscope method (Non-uniform bending – Uniform bending) - Determination of Young’s modulus by Koenig’s method. |

Unit-III: Surface Tension | Definition – Molecular forces – Explanation of surface tension on kinetic theory – Surface energy – Work done on increasing the area of a surface - Angle of contact - Neumann’s triangle- Excess pressure inside a liquid drop and soap bubble - Excess pressure inside a curved liquid surface - Force between two plates separated by a thin layer of a liquid - Experimental determination of surface tension - Jaegar’s method - Drop- weight method - Capillary rise method - Variation of surface tension with temperature. |

Unit-IV: Viscosity |
Newton’s law of viscous flow – streamlined and turbulent motion – Reynold’s number - Poiseuille’s formula for the flow of a liquid through a horizontal capillary tube – Experimental determination of co-efficient of a liquid by Poiseuille’s method - Ostwald’s viscometer – Terminal velocity and Stokes’ formula - Viscosity of gases – Meyer’s formula - Rankine’s method - Variation of viscosity with temperature and pressure - Lubrication. Equation of continuity of flow – Euler’s equation for unidirectional flow - Bernoulli’s theorem – Filter pump and Wings of aeroplane - Torricelli’s theorem - Pitot tube. |

Unit-V: Acoustics |
Newton’s Formula for velocity of sound –Effect of Temperature, Pressure, Humidity , Density of medium and Wind - Musical Sound and Noise – Speech- Characteristics of Musical sound – Intensity of sound – Measurement of intensity of sound :Decibel and Phon- Bel. Reverberation – Sabine’s Reverberation formula – Factors Affecting the Acoustics of Buildings – Sound distribution in an Auditorium – Requisites for good acoustics – Ultrasonics – Production and detection – Medical applications of Ultrasonic waves – Acoustic Grating. |

Books for Study: |

1. R. Murugeshan, Properties of matter, S. Chand & Co. Pvt. Ltd., Revised edition, 2012. 2. D.S. Mathur, Elements of Properties of matter, S. Chand & Co. Pvt.Ltd., Revised edition, 2010 3. Brijlal & N. Subramanyam, Properties of matter, Vikas Publishng. Pvt. Ltd, 2005. 4. Brijlal & N. Subramanyam, ‘A Text Book of Sound’, Vikas Publishing. Pvt. Ltd, 2008. |

Books for Reference: |

1. Feynman, Lectures on Physics. Vol. I & II by Richard P. Feynman, The New Millennium Edition, 2012. 2. David Halliday and Robert Resnick, Fundamentals of Physics by Wiley Plus., 2013. 3. B.H. Flowers and E. Mendoza, Properties of matter, Wiley Plus, 1991. 4. H.R. Gulati, Fundamentals of General properties of matter, S. Chand & Co. Pvt. Ltd, 2012 5. Chatterjee and Sen Gupta, A treatise on general properties of matter, New central Books agency (p) Ltd, Kolkata, 2001. 6. R.L. Saihgal, A Text Book of Sound, S. Chand & Co. Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 1979. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Understanding the concept elastic behavior of various materials. |

CO2. | Analyse the bending behavior of beams and the expression for elastic modulus. |

CO3. | Explain the concept of surface tension. |

CO4. | Describe the basic properties of viscosity of liquid. |

CO5. | Analyse waves and oscillations, and production of ultrasonic waves by different methods. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | - | 3 | - | 2 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO2 | 1 | 2 | - | 1 | 1 | 2 | - | - |

CO3 | - | 3 | - | 1 | - | - | - | - |

CO4 | 1 | 2 | - | 1 | 1 | 2 | - | - |

CO5 | - | 2 | - | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

Hours/Week | 6 | Credits | 6 | ||

Semester | II |

Unit-I: Projectile, Impulse and Impact | Projectile - particle projected in any direction - Path of a projectile is a parabola - Range of a projectile on plane inclined to the horizontal - Maximum range on the inclined plane - Impulse of a force - Laws of impact - Direct impact between two smooth spheres - oblique impact between two smooth spheres - Impact of a smooth sphere on a smooth fixed horizontal plane - Loss of KE due to direct impact - Oblique impact. |

Unit-II: Motion on a plane curve | Centripetal and centrifugal forces - Hodograph - Expression for normal acceleration - Motion of a cyclist along a curved path - Motion of a railway carriage round a curved track- upsetting of a carriage - Motion of a carriage on a banked up curve - Effect of earth’s rotation on the value of the acceleration due to gravity - Variation of ‘g’ with altitude, latitude and depth. |

Unit-III: Gravitation | Newton’s law of gravitation - Mass and density of earth - Inertial and Gravitation mass - Determination of G-Boy’s experiment -Kepler’s Laws of planetary motion -Deduction of Newton’s law of gravitation from Kepler’s Law - Gravitation - Field - potential -Intensity of Gravitational field - gravitational potential due to a point mass - Equipotential surface - Gravitational potential and field due to a spherical shell and solid sphere – Escape velocity –Orbital velocity. |

Unit-IV: Dynamics of rigid body and Friction |
Moment of Inertia - Kinetic energy and angular momentum of rotating body - Theorems of perpendicular and parallel axes - Acceleration of a body rolling down an inclined plane without slipping - Oscillations of a small sphere on a large concave smooth surface - Compound pendulum - Centre of suspension and centre of oscillation - Centre of percussion - Minimum period of a compound pendulum - Kater’s pendulum. Friction - Laws of friction - Resultant reaction - Angle and cone of friction - Equilibrium of a body on a rough plane inclined to the horizontal - The friction clutch |

Unit-V: Centre of gravity, Centre of Pressure, Floating bodies, Atmospheric pressure |
Centre of gravity of a body - Centre of gravity of a trapezoidal lamina - C.G. of a solid hemisphere - C.G. of a solid tetrahedron - C.G. of a solid cone. Centre of pressure - rectangular lamina - triangular lamina - triangular lamina immersed in a liquid. Conditions of equilibrium of a floating body - Stability of equilibrium of a floating body - Metacentre - Experimental determination of a metacentric height of a ship. The barometer - Fortin’s barometer - Correction for a barometer - Faulty barometer - Variation of atmospheric pressure with altitude. |

Books for Study: |

1. M. Narayanamurthi and N. Nagarathinam, Dynamics, The National Publishing Company 2005, Chennai. 2. M. Narayanamurthi and N. Nagarathinam, Statics, Hydrostatics and Hydrodynamics - The National Publishing Company 2005, Chennai. |

Books for Reference: |

1. R. Murugesan, Mechanics and Mathematical Physics, S. Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2008. 2. D.S. Mathur, Mechanics, S. Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi - 1990. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Study the projectile motion, Impulse and impact of the body |

CO2. | Study the behaviour of motion of a plane curve. |

CO3. | Explain the concept of gravitation and its applications. |

CO4. | Understanding the concept of dynamics of rigid body and Friction. |

CO5. | Learn the concept of centre of gravity, centre of pressure and atmospheric pressure. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | 2 | - | 1 | 2 | - | 2 | - |

CO2 | - | 2 | - | 1 | - | - | - | - |

CO3 | - | 2 | - | 1 | - | - | - | - |

CO4 | - | 2 | - | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO5 | 1 | 2 | - | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

Hours/Week | 6 | Credits | 6 | ||

Semester | III |

Unit-I: Specific Heat | Specific heat of solids – Method of mixtures – radation correction – Dulong and Petit’s law - Quantum theory - Einstein’s theory of specific heat – Debye’s theory of specific heat– Specific heat of liquids – Newton’s law of cooling - Specific heat of gases – Mayer’s Relation – Quantization of various contributions to energy of diatomic molecules – Specific heat of diatomic gases. |

Unit-II: Conduction | Coefficient of Thermal Conductivity - Rectilinear Flow of Heat along a Bar - Thermal conductivity of good conductors - Lee’s method for metals – Forbe’smethod to find K – Lee’s disc method for Bad Conductors – Heat Flow Through a Compound wall – Accretion of Ice on Ponds – Wiedemann-Franz law – Practical applications of conduction of heat. |

Unit-III: Radiation | Radiation – Stefan’s law - Deduction of Newton’s law from Stefan’s law – Boltzmann’s law – Block body radiation – Wein’s law – Rayleigh-Jean’s law – Planck’s law – Angstrom Pyrheliometer – Solar constant – Surface temperature of sun - Sources of solar energy – Photo voltaic cell – Greenhouse effect. |

Unit-IV: Low Temperature | Joule – Thomson’s effect – Porous plug experiment – Liquefaction of gases –Linde’s method – Liguefaction of hydrogen - Adiabatic demagnetization – Liquefaction of He – Practical applications of low temperature – Refrigerating mechanism – Air conditioning mechanism – solid carbon dioxide(dry ice). |

Unit-V: Thermodynamics | Zeroth law of thermodynamics – First law of thermodynamics – Heat engines – Reversible and irreversible process - Carnot’s theorem – Second law of thermodynamics - Thermodynamic Scale of temperature – Entropy – Change of entropy in reversible and irreversible processes – Temperature – entropy diagram (T.S) – Law of increase of entropy – Maxwell’s thermo dynamical relations – Clausius’ - Claypeyron’s latent heat equations. |

Books for Study: |

1. Brijlaland Subramaniyam, Heat and Thermodynamics, S. Chand &Co., 2001. 2. J. B. Rajamand C. L Arora, Heat and Thermodynamics, S. Chand & Co.1983. 3. Brijlaland Subramaniyam, Heat and Thermodynamics & Statistical physics, S. Chand & Co. 2015. |

Books for Reference: |

1. M. Narayanamoorthy and N. Nagarathinam, Heat, National publishing Co, Chennai, Eight edition, 1987. 2. D.S. Mathur, Heat and Thermodynamics, S. Chand & Co.2014. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Understand the concept of specific heat capacity of various substances and specific heat capacity of liquids and gases. |

CO2. | Determine the thermal conductivity of good and bad conductor. |

CO3. | Describe the concept of radiation and radiation laws, solar constant and green house effect. |

CO4. | Explain the concept of the liquefaction of gases. |

CO5. | Understand the laws of thermodynamics and its applications. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | - | 2 | - | 1 | - | - | - | - |

CO2 | 1 | 2 | - | 1 | - | - | - | - |

CO3 | 1 | 2 | - | 1 | 1 | - | - | 2 |

CO4 | - | 1 | - | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO5 | - | 2 | - | - | - | - | - | - |

Hours/Week | 5 | Credits | 5 | ||

Semester | IV |

Unit-I: Electrostatics | Coulomb’s Law – Gauss’s Law and its applications (Electric Field due to a uniformly charged sphere, hollow cylinder & solid cylinder)– Electric Potential – Potential at a point due to a uniformly charged conducting sphere – Principle of a capacitor– Capacity of a spherical and cylindrical capacitors – Energy stored in a charged capacitor–Loss of energy on sharing of charges between two capacitors. |

Unit-II: Current Electricity | Ampere’s circuital law and its applications -Field along the axis of a circular coil and Solenoid–Theory of Ballistic Galvanometer –Figure of merit– Damping Correction– Ki rchhoff ’ s L aws of Electri ci ty –Wheatstone’s Bridge–Carey Foster’s Bridge–Potentiometer– Calibration of Ammeter – Calibration of Voltmeter (Low range and High range) – Comparison of Resistances. |

Unit-III: Electromagnetic Induction | Laws of electromagnetic induction– Self and mutual induction– Self-inductance of a solenoid– Mutual inductance of a pair of solenoids–Coefficient of coupling– Experimental determination of self (Rayleigh’s method) and mutual inductance– Growth and decay of current in a circuit containing L and R–Growth and decay of charge in a circuit containing C and R– Measurement of High resistance by leakage. |

Unit-IV: AC Circuits | Alternating EMF applied to series circuits containing LC, LR and CR– Alternating EMF applied to circuits containing L, C and R–Series and Parallel resonance circuits– Sharpness of resonance–Q factor– Comparison between Series and Parallel resonant circuits –Power in AC circuits (R, L-R, L-C-R only) – Power factor– Wattlesscurrent – Choke Coil – Transformer – Uses of Transformers – Skin Effect. |

Unit-V: Magnetism | Intensity of Magnetization– Magnetic Susceptibility– Magnetic Permeability – Types of magnetic materials– Properties of para, dia and ferromagnetic materials– Langevin’s theory of dia and para magnetism– Weiss’s theory of ferromagnetism – B-H curve–Energy loss due to magnetic hysteresis – Ballistic Galvanometer method for plotting B-H curve - Magnetic properties of iron and steel. |

Books for Study: |

1. 1. BrijLal and N. Subrahmanyam, A Text Book of Electricity and Magnetism, Ratan Prakasan Mandir Educational & University Publishers, New Deihi,2000. 2. R. Murugeshan, Electricity and Magnetism, S. Chand & Company Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi – 2015 |

Books for Reference: |

1. D. L. Sehgal, K. L. Chopra and N. K. Sehgal, Electricity and Magnetism,S. Chand & Sons. New Delhi. 1996. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Understanding the concept of electrostatics and capacitors. |

CO2. | Design and working of various electronics circuits in current electricity. |

CO3. | Determination of self inductance and mutual inductance and high resistance by leakage method. |

CO4. | Design and working of AC circuits. |

CO5. | Understanding the nature of materials and its properties. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | 2 | 1 | - | - | - | - | - |

CO2 | - | 2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO3 | - | 2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO4 | - | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO5 | - | 2 | 1 | 2 | 1 | - | - | - |

Hours/Week | 3 | Credits | 3 | ||

Semester | IV |

(Any Twelve Experiments) |

1. Uniform bending –Pin and Microscope. 2. Static Torsion -Determination of Rigidity modulus (n). 3. Torsional Pendulum – Rigidity modulus (n) and moment of inertia (I). 4. Stoke's method - Viscosity of highly viscous liquid. 5. Coefficient of viscosity of highly viscous liquid –Searle’s viscometer method. 6. Emissive power of a surface - Spherical calorimeter. 7. Thermal conductivity of a bad conductor -Lee's disc method. 8. Carey Foster's Bridge –specific resistance determination. 9. Potentiometer - Ammeter calibration. 10. Potentiometer - Voltmeter calibration - low range. 11. Potentiometer - determination of resistance. 12. Figure of merit of a mirror Galvanometer. 13. Spectrometer -Determination µ of a liquid. 14. Spectrometer- Grating--normal incidence method. 15. Air Wedge - determination of Thickness of a thin wire. 16. High resistance by leakage – Using BG. 17. Characteristics of Junction and Zener diodes. |

Books for Study: |

1. Dr. S. Somasundaram, Practical Physics, Apsara publications, Tiruchirapalli, 2012. 2. Department of Physics, Practical Physics, (B.Sc. Physics Main), St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli 1998. |

Books for Reference: |

1. S. Srinivasan, A Text Book of Practical physics, S. Sultan Chand publications, 2005. 2. R. Sasikumar, Practical Physics, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2011. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Apply the knowledge of physics fundamentals. |

CO2. | To Understanding the heat, thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism experimentally. |

CO3. | Determine the characteristics of the electronic devices. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | - | 1 | - | 2 | 1 | - | - |

CO2 | 1 | - | 1 | - | 1 | - | 1 | - |

CO3 | 1 | - | 1 | - | 1 | - | - | 1 |

Course Code | 16SCCPH5 | Hours/Week | 5 | Credits | 5 |

Semester | V |

Unit-I: Geometrical optics | Spherical aberration - Spherical aberration of a thin and thick lens – Methods of reducing Spherical aberration – Coma – Aplanatic surface – Astigmatism – Curvature of the field – Meniscus lens – Distortion – Chromatic aberration - Chromatic aberration in a lens – Circle of least Chromatic aberration – Achromatic lenses. |

Unit-II: Interference | Air wedge – Newton’s rings – Haidinger’s fringes – Brewster’s fringes – Michelson Interferometer and its applications – Fabry- Perot Interferometer – Interference filter – Stationary waves in light – Colour photography (qualitatively) – Holography – Construction and reconstruction of a hologram – Applications. |

Unit-III: Diffraction | Fresnel’s diffraction – Diffraction at a (1) circular aperture (2) Straight edge (3) narrow wire – Fraunhofer diffraction at a single slit – Double slit – Missing orders in a Double slit, Diffraction pattern – Grating ( theory) – Oblique incidence – Overlapping of spectral lines - Resolving power – Rayleigh’s criterion of resolution- Resolving power of a Telescope and Grating – Dispersive power and resolving power of a grating. |

Unit-IV: Polarization | Nicol prism – Nicol prism as an analyzer and polarizer – Huygens’s explanation of Double refraction in uniaxial crystals – Double Image polarizing prisms – Elliptical and Circularly polarized light – Production and detection – Quarter wave and half wave plates – Babinets compensator – Optical activity – Fresnel’s explanation of optical activity – Laurent’s Half shade polarimeter. |

Unit-V: Optical Instruments | Microscopes – Simple Microscope (Magnifying glass) – Compound Microscope – Ultra-Microscope – Eyepieces - Huygen’s Eyepiece - Ramsden’s Eyepiese –– Comparison of Eyepieces – Telescope – Refracting astronomical telescope – Abbe Refractometer – Pulfrich refractometer - Photographic Camera – Prism binoculars. |

Books for Study: |

1. Dr. N. Subramaniyam, Brijlal and Dr.M.N. Avathanulu, Optics,S. Chand &Co. Pvt.Ltd.25 threvised edition , New Delhi ,2012 . 2. Dr. N. Subramaniyam, Brijlal and Dr.M.N. Avathanulu, Optics, S. Chand & Co. Pvt. Ltd.- 9th revised edition, New Delhi ,2014. 3. Krishnapada Ghosh Anandamoy Manna, Text book of Physical Optics, McMillan India Ltd, First edition, 2007. |

Books for Reference: |

1. Singh & Agarwal, Optics and Atomic Physics, Pragati Prakashan Meerut, Nineth edition, 2002. 2. A.B. Gupta, Modern Optics, Books and allied (P) Ltd, Kolkata, First edition, 2006. 3. Ajoy Ghatak, Optics, (TMH), New Delhi, Fourth edition, 2009. 4. Arial Lipson, Stephen G.Lipson and Hentry Lipson, Optical Physics, Cambrige, Fourth edition, 2011. 5. Schaum’s outlines, Optics, Tata McGraw Hill, 2011. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Describe the general method for analyzing and predicting the aberrations in lens. |

CO2. | Understanding the basic concepts of the interference and holography. |

CO3. | Interpret various Diffraction techniques. |

CO4. | Infer the basic concept of polarization and its application. |

CO5. | Understanding the basic concepts of the optical instruments. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | 1 | - | - | - |

CO2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | 1 | - | 1 | - |

CO3 | 1 | 2 | 1 | - | 1 | - | - | - |

CO4 | 1 | 2 | 1 | - | 1 | - | - | - |

CO5 | 1 | 2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

Course Code | 16SCCPH6 | Hours/Week | 5 | Credits | 5 |

Semester | V |

Unit-I: Cathode and Positive Ray - Analysis | Production and Properties of Cathode rays - Electronic charge - Millikan’s oil- drop method - Production and properties of positive rays - Thomson’s parabola method - Aston’s, Dempster’s and Bainbridge’s mass - spectrographs (e/m) – Mass defect and Packing Fraction. |

Unit-II: Atom model | Bohr atom model – Critical Potentials - Experimental determination of critical potentials - Franck and Hertz’s experiment -Sommerfield’s Relativistic atom model - Vector atom model - Quantum numbers associated with vector atom model - Pauli’s exclusion principle - Electronic configuration of elements and periodic table - Magnetic dipole moment due to orbital motion and spin of the electron - The Stern and Gerlach experiment - Zeeman effect - Experimental arrangement for the normal Zeeman effect - Larmor’s theorem - Quantum mechanical explanation of the normal Zeeman effect - Anomalous Zeeman effect- Paschen Back Effect – Stark effect. |

Unit-III: X-Rays | X-rays - production - detection and properties -Bragg’s law - Bragg’s X-ray spectrometer - Laue’s experiment - The Powder crystal method –Rotating crystal method -X-ray spectra - Characteristics of X-ray spectrum - Moseley’s law - Compton effect - Determination of wavelength - Symmetry operations and elements of Symmetry. |

Unit-IV: Photoelectric Effect and Free Electron theory of metals |
Free electron theory of metals - Properties of metals - Drude and Lorentz theory - Electrical and thermal conductivities - Wiedemann and Franz law. Photoelectric effect - Lenard’s experiment - Richardson and Compton experiment - Experimental investigations on the photoelectric effect - Laws of photoelectric emission - Einstein’s photoelectric equation - Experimental verification - Millikan’s experiment - Photoelectric cells - Photoemissive cell - Photovoltaic cell - Photoconductive cell - Applications of Photoelectric cells. |

Unit-V: Molecular Physics | Induced absorption - Spontaneous emission - Stimulated emission - Ruby laser - He laser - Semiconductor laser - Properties of laser beam – Applications of LASER in Medicine and Industry - Theory of the pure rotational spectrum of a molecule - Theory of the origin of the vibration - rotation spectrum of a molecule - Electronic spectra of molecules - Molecular orbital theory of Hydrogen molecule ion - Heitler-London theory of Hydrogen molecule - Theory of ESR . |

Books for Study: |

1. R. Murugesan, KiruthigaSivaprasath, Modern Physics, S. Chand &Co Ltd., New Delhi, 14th Revised edition, 2014. 2. J.B. Rajam, Atomic Physics, S. Chand & Co Ltd., New Delhi, Revised edition, 2009. |

Books for Reference: |

1. Sehgal, Chopra and Sehgal, Modern physics, Sultan Chand & Sons,New Delhi. 2. Arthur Beiser, Shobhit Mahajan, S. RaiChoudhury, Concepts of Modern Physics, Sixth edition, SIE, 2009. 3. S.N .Ghoshal, Atomic Physics, S. Chand & Co Ltd., New Delhi, Revised edition, 2004. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Explain the fundamental analysis of cathode and positive rays. |

CO2. | Discuss about the structure of an atom, extra nuclear part of the atom and origin of the spectra. |

CO3. | Determination of wave length of the of X-ray and analysis characteristics of X-ray. |

CO4. | Understand the concept of photo electric effect and free electron theory of metals. |

CO5. | Explain the fundamental theory of laser action and molecular physics. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | 1 | - | - |

CO2 | 1 | 2 | 1 | - | - | - | 1 | - |

CO3 | - | 2 | 2 | 1 | - | - | - | 1 |

CO4 | - | 2 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - | - |

CO5 | - | 2 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - | - |

Course Code | 16SCCPH7 | Hours/Week | 6 | Credits | 6 |

Semester | V |

Unit-I: Semiconductors, diodes and Bipolar Transistors | Intrinsic and extrinsic semi -conductors –PN junction diode – Biasing–V-I Characteristics– Rectifiers – Half wave – full wave and Bridge rectifiers – Break down mechanisms – Zener diode- characteristics of Zener diode – Zener diode as voltage regulator-Bipolar junction transistor – Basic configurations -Relation between α and β – Characteristic curves of transistor – CB, CE mode – DC load line – DC bias and stabilization – fixed bias – voltage divider bias. |

Unit-II: Amplifiers and Oscillators | Single stage CE amplifier – Analysis of hybrid equivalent circuit – Power amplifiers – Efficiency of class A,B & C Power amplifier - General theory of feedback – Properties of negative feedback – Criterion for oscillations – Hartley oscillator – Colpitt’s oscillator. |

Unit-III: Number Systems, Logic Gates and Boolean Algebra |
Introduction to decimal, binary, octal, hexadecimal number systems – Inter conversions– 1’s and 2’s complements –Logic gates, Symbols and their truth tables – AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, XOR, and XNOR – Universality of NAND and NOR gates. Boolean algebra – De-Morgan’s theorems -Reducing Boolean expressions using Boolean laws – SOP forms of expressions (minterms) – Karnaugh map simplification(Four variables). |

Unit-IV: Combinational and Sequential Digital Systems | Half and full adders – Half and full subtractors – Decoder(2:4 line) – Encoder (4:2 line)– Multiplexer(4:1 line) – Demultiplexer (1:4 line) - Flip flop – RS – clocked RS – T and D flip flops – JK and master slave flip flops – Counters – Four bit asynchronous ripple counter – Mod-10 counter –– Synchronous counter – Ring counter - Shift registers – SISO and SIPO shift registers. |

Unit-V: Operational amplifier | Operational amplifier - Characteristics – Inverting and Non-inverting amplifier – Voltage follower – Adder, Subtractor, Integrator and Differentiator circuits – Log & antilog amplifiers – Op- amp as Comparator – Filters-low, bandpass, high pass filters -A/D conversion – Successive approximation method – D/A conversion – R-2R ladder network. |

Books for Study: |

1. Mehta V.K., Principles of Electronics, S. Chand and company Ltd, 2014. 2. A.P. Malvino, D.P. Leach, Digital Principles and Application, IV Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2011. 3. V.Vijayendran,DigitalFundamentals,S.Viswanathan,Printers& Publishers Private Ltd, Chennai, 2004. |

Books for Reference: |

1. Theraja. B.L, Basic electronics - Solid State, S.Chand and Company Ltd 2002. 2. Sedha R.S., A text book of applied Electronics, S.Chand & company Ltd 2002. 3. W.H.Gothmann, Digital Electronics, Prentice Hall of India, Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 1996. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Understanding the basics concepts of semiconductors, diode and bipolar transistors. |

CO2. | Procure knowledge in Amplifiers and Oscillators. |

CO3. | Understanding the basics concepts Number systems, logic gates and Boolean algebra. |

CO4. | Study the concepts of combinational and sequential digital systems. |

CO5. | Understanding the fundamental properties of operational amplifier. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | - | 1 |

CO2 | 1 | - | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO3 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | - | 2 | - |

CO4 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | 2 | - | - | - |

CO5 | 1 | - | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | 2 |

Hours/Week | 5 | Credits | 5 | ||

Semester | V |

Unit-I: Crystal Structure | Types of crystals-space lattice-basis- unit cell and lattice parameters – Bravais lattices-Lattice planes and Miller indices-inter planar spacing in a cubic lattice- cubic lattice-SC – BCC – FCC- Sodium chloride and Diamond crystal structure – Bonding of solids (Ionic , Covalent , Metallic , Hydrogen and Van der Waal). |

Unit-II: Super Conducting Materials | Superconductivity – Properties-Meissner’s effect- London equations - types of superconductors Type I and Type II –High temperature superconductors - Josephson effects and its applications – SQUIDS - Applications of superconductor. |

Unit-III: Nano Materials | Nanoscience and nanotechnology – Nanomaterials- Properties of nanomaterials (size dependent) -synthesis of nanomaterials- Fullurenes-Application of nanomaterials – Carbon nanotubes- Fabrication and structure of carbon nano tubes - Properties of carbon nanotubes (Mechanical and Electrical) - Applications of CNT’s. |

Unit-IV: Smart Materials | Metallic glass and its applications — Fiber reinforced metals – SAW Materials and its applications – Biomaterials – Ceramic-Nuclear engineering materials-Nanophase materials - SMART materials- Conducting polymers- Optical materials - Fiber optic materials and their applications. |

Unit-V: Mechanical Behavior Of Materials | Different mechanical properties of engineering materials – creep – Fracture- technological properties – factors affecting mechanical properties of material-Heat treatment-cold and hot working-types of mechanical tests- metal forming process- deformation of metals-Deformation of crystals and polycrystalline materials. |

Books for Study: |

1. Dr. M.N. Avadhanulu, Material science, S.Chand & Company, New Delhi, 2014. |

Books for Reference: |

1. M.Arumugam, Material science, Anuradha puplishers, 1990. 2. V. Raghavan, Material Science and Engineering , Printice Hall India.,2004. 3. V. Rajendran, Material Science, Tata McGraw Hill Ltd, New Delhi,2001. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Explain the types of crystal, lattice plane, miller indices, BCC, FCC and crystal structures. |

CO2. | Understanding the basic concepts of superconductivity and superconducting materials. |

CO3. | Acquire knowledge in nanoscience and nanomaterials. |

CO4. | Understanding the fundamental knowledge about smart materials. |

CO5. | Explain the mechanical behavior of materials. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | - | - |

CO2 | 1 | - | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO3 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | - | 2 | - |

CO4 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | 2 | - | - | - |

CO5 | 1 | - | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | 2 |

Hours/Week | 3 | Credits | 3 | ||

Semester | V |

(Any Twelve Experiments) |

1. Spectrometer- i-d curve. 2. Spectrometer - i-i’ curve. 3. Spectrometer - small angle prism. 4. Field along the axis of a coil – determination of M. 5. Potentiometer - EMF of a thermocouple. 6. Potentiometer -Temperature coefficient of thermistor. 7. Ballistic Galvanometer-Figure of merit 8. Ballistic Galvanometer-Absolute Determination of Mutual Inductance. 9. Anderson's bridge – Self-inductance of a coil. 10. Series resonance circuits. 11. Parallel Resonance circuits. 12. Regulated power supply using Zener diode - Percentage of regulation. 13. Single stage - RC coupled amplifier – Transistor. 14. Hartley oscillator using transistor. 15. FET Characteristics. 16. AND, OR and NOT gates using discrete components 17. AND, OR and NOT gates using IC’s. 18. Op - Amp -Adder and Subtractor. 19. Op - Amp - Integrator and Differentiator. 20. Construction of Half wave rectifier. 21. Half Adder and Full adder circuits using logic gates. 22. Half Subtractor and Full Subtractor circuits using logic gates. |

Books for Study: |

1. Dr.S.Somasundaram,PracticalPhysics, Apsara publications, Tiruchirapalli, 2012. 2. Department of Physics, Practical Physics, (B.Sc. Physics Main), St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli 1998. |

Books for Reference: |

1. S. Srinivasan, A Text Book of Practical physics, S. Sultan Chand publications. 2005 2. R. Sasikumar, Practical Physics, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2011. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | To Understanding the light and thermodynamics and electricity and magnetism experimentally. |

CO2. | Find the errors and adjust it to get the nearer ideal readings using specific measurement. |

CO3. | To study different characterization methods electronics experiments (Gates, Op-Amp, Adder, Subtractor circuits). |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | - | 3 | - | - | - | - | - | - |

CO2 | - | - | - | - | 2 | - | - | - |

CO3 | - | 2 | - | - | - | - | - | 1 |

Hours/Week | 6 | Credits | 6 | ||

Semester | VI |

Unit-I: General Properties of Nuclei and Nuclear Models |
Constituents of nuclei-Classification of nuclei - Nuclear mass and binding energy - Binding energy and stability of nucleus, Mass defect and Packing fraction, Binding fraction Vs Mass number curve - Nuclear size - Nuclear spin-nuclear energy levels - Nuclear magnetic moment --Parity of nuclei - Nuclear forces - Yukawa’s model of nuclear force. Nuclear Models - Liquid drop model, Semi-empirical mass formula - Shell model- Salient features of shell model. |

Unit-II: Radioactivity | Radioactive decay law-Half life and Average life - Activity or strength of a radio – sample - Successive transformation - Radioactive chain- Radioactive equilibrium - Radioactive dating - α- decay - Geiger-Nuttall law - Tunnel effect - Gamow’s theory of α decay - β-decay - Energetics of β-decay - Continuous β-spectrum - Inverse β-decay -Parity violation in β-decay - Neutrino hypothesis - Properties of neutrino - Gamma rays-origin of the gamma rays - Internal conversion. |

Unit-III: Particle Accelerators and Detectors |
Linear accelerator – Cyclotron – Betatron - Electron synchrotron - Accelerators in India. Radiation Detectors - Ionisation Chamber - Proportional counter – G.M. Counter-Cloud chamber - Scintillation counter - Solid state track detector – Semiconductor detector. |

Unit-IV: Nuclear Reactions and Nuclear Reactors |
Nuclear reactions - Types of nuclear reactions – Conservation laws in nuclear reactions -Energetic of nuclear reactions - Kinematics of nuclear reactions -Threshold energy of nuclear reactions - Solution of the Q- value equation - Cross-section of nuclear reactions. Nuclear fission - fission of light nuclei - Prompt and delayed neutrons - Neutron speed , classifications - Nuclear chain reaction - Neutron cycle - Nuclear reactor - Types of reactor -Fission bomb - Nuclear power in India- Fusion-Thermonuclear reaction - Hydrogen bomb -Possibility of fusion reactor. |

Unit-V: Elementary Particles | Classification of elementary particles – Pions and Muons - K-mesons – Hyperons- Conservation laws - Exact laws - Approximate conservative laws- Fundamental interactions – Antiparticles -Resonance particles – Hyper- nucleus - Symmetry classification of elementary particles - Quark model. |

Books for Study: |

1. Gupta & Roy., Physics of the Nucleus, Books and Allied (P) Ltd. Kolkatta, 2011 . |

Books for Reference: |

1. S. N. Ghoshal,Nuclear Physics , S. Chand & Co., Edition ,2003. 2. M L Pandya& R. P .S .Yadav, Elements of Nuclear Physics,Kedaar Nath & Ram Nath ,2000. 3. SatyaPrakash, Nuclear Physics, A Pragati Prakasan Publication, 2011. 4. Jahan Singh, Fundamentals of Nuclear Physics, A Pragati Publication, 2012. 5. D.C.Tayal, Nuclear Physics, Himalaya Publishing House, 2009 |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Understanding the basics concepts of nucleus; knowing the properties of nuclei and analyze different nuclear models. |

CO2. | Apply the knowledge of radioactivity to realize the concept of artificial radioactivity. |

CO3. | Analyze the various techniques of nuclear radiation detectors and particle accelerators. |

CO4. | Acquire knowledge on the nuclear radiation and nuclear reactors. |

CO5. | Acquire knowledge on the nuclear elementary particles. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | 2 | 1 | - | - | - | - | - |

CO2 | - | 2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO3 | - | 2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO4 | - | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO5 | - | 2 | 1 | 2 | 1 | - | - | - |

Hours/Week | 6 | Credits | 6 | ||

Semester | VI |

Unit-I: Fundamental Principles and Lagrangian Formulation | Mechanics of a particle and system of particles – Conservation laws – Constraints – Generalized coordinates – Principle of virtual work-D’ Alembert’s principle and Lagrange’s equation – Hamilton’s principle –Lagrange’s equation of motion – conservation theorems and symmetry properties –Atwood’s machine – Simple pendulum. |

Unit-II: Hamilton’s Formulation | Hamilton’s canonical equations of motion – Hamilton’s equations from variational principle –Principle of least action – Phase space – Generalized momentum – Cyclic co-ordinates –Conservation theorem for generalized momentum – Conservation theorem for energy |

Unit-III: Dual Nature of Matter | De Broglie concept of matter waves – De Broglie wavelength – Wave velocity and group velocity for the De Broglie waves – Experimental study of matter waves – Davison and Germer experiment – G.P. Thomon’s experiment for verifying De Broglie relation – Heisenberg’s uncertainty Principle – Electron microscope – Gamma ray microscope. |

Unit-IV: Basics of Quantum Mechanics | Basic postulates of wave Mechanics – Development of Schrödinger wave equation – Time independent and dependent forms of equations – Properties of wave function – Orthogonal and normalized wave function Eigen function and eigen values – Expectation values and Ehrenfest’s theorem. |

Unit-V: Exactly Solvable Quantum Systems | Linear harmonic oscillator – Particle in a box –Rectangular barrier potential –Rigid rotator – Hydrogen atom. |

Books for Study: |

1. S.L.Gupta., V. Kumar and H.V.Sharma, Pragathi Prakasan, Classical Mechanics
Educational Publisher, Meerut, 25th edition, 2011.
2. Murughesan, R., Modern Physics, S.Chand & Co., New Delhi, 2006. |

Books for Reference: |

1. Arthur Beiser, Concept of Modern Physics: McGraw Hill Ed. V (1999). 2. H.Goldstein, Classical Mechanics, Narosa Book distributors, New Delhi 1980. 3. N.C.Rana and P.S.Joag, Classical Mechanics, Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi 1991. 4. P M. Mathews and K. Venkatesan, A Text Book of Quantum Mechanics ,Tata McGrawHill, New Delhi, 1987. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Derive fundamental principles and Lagrangian formulations. |

CO2. | Derive fundamental principles Hamiltonian formulation. |

CO3. | Understanding the concept of De-Broglie waves, electron and gamma ray microscopes. |

CO4. | Explain the postulates of wave mechanics and Understanding the concept of Schrodinger’s time dependent and independent equations. |

CO5. | Understanding the features of certain exactly solvable systems. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | 1 | - | - | - |

CO2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | 1 | - | - | - |

CO3 | 1 | 2 | 1 | - | 1 | - | - | 3 |

CO4 | 1 | 2 | 1 | - | 1 | - | - | - |

CO5 | 1 | 2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

Hours/Week | 6 | Credits | 6 | ||

Semester | VI |

Unit-I: Basics of Digital Computer | Basic components of a digital computer - Evolution of microprocessors - Important INTEL microprocessors - Hardware, Software and Firmware - Memory - Semiconductor memories - RAM,ROM - Flash memory – CCD memory – Cache memory - Buses. |

Unit-II: Intel 8085 and its Architecture | INTEL 8085 - Pin Diagram - Architecture - Various registers - Status Flags - Interrupts and their order of priority - Addressing modes - Direct,Register, Register indirect, Immediate and implicit addressing - Instruction set - Data transfer group - Arithmetic Group - Logical group - Branch group, Stack, I/O and Machine control group. |

Unit-III: Assembly Language Programming | Addition - subtraction - multiplication -division of two 8- bit numbers - Finding the largest and smallest number in a data array-Arranging a list of numbers in ascending or descending order-complement – shift – mask-look up table– multibyte addition and subtraction –decimal addition - subtraction. |

Unit-IV: Introduction To C | Basic Structure of C Programs – Character set – C tokens - Keywords and identifiers – constants – variables – Data types – declaration of variables – Assigning values to variables – Symbolic constants – Operators and Expressions - Arithmetic operators - Relational, Logical and Assignment operators, Increment and Decrement operators – Conditional operator, Bitwise and Special operators– Arithmetic Expressions – Mathematical functions. |

Unit-V: Preliminaries And Functions | Data input and output – getchar, putchar, scanf, printf, gets, puts functions – Decision making and branching –if, if…else, else if ladder, switch, break, continue, goto – Decision making and looping – while, do… while, for, nested loops –Arrays (one-, two- and multi-dimensional arrays)- Declaration, Initialization of arrays. |

Books for Study: |

1. B. Ram – Fundamentals of Microprocessors and Microcontrollers–Dhanpat Rai Publications (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 2013. 2. E. Balagurusamy – Programming in ANSI C – Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited, New Delhi,2012. |

Books for Reference: |

1. R. S.Gaonkar- Microprocessor Architecture, Programming, and Applications with the 8085, Penram International Publishing (India) Private Limited, Mumbai, 2007. 2. K. R. Venugopal and S. R. Prasad – Programming with C – Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2002. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Procure knowledge in basics of digital computer. |

CO2. | Infer the basic concept of Intel 8085 and its Architecture. |

CO3. | Acquire knowledge in assembly language programming. |

CO4. | Understanding the fundamentals of preliminaries and functions. |

CO5. | Understanding the knowledge of “C” programming. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | - | 1 | - | - |

CO2 | 1 | 2 | 1 | - | - | - | 1 | - |

CO3 | - | 2 | 2 | 1 | - | - | - | 1 |

CO4 | - | 2 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - | - |

CO5 | - | 2 | 1 | 1 | - | - | - | - |

Course Code | 16SMBEPH3 | Hours/Week | 6 | Credits | 6 |

Semester | VI |

Unit-I: Radio transmission and reception |
Transmitter-modulation-need for modulation- types of modulation- amplitude,frequency and phase modulation- modulation factor-sideband frequencies in AM wave-limitations of amplitude modulation - frequency modulation-block diagram of AM and FM Transmitter. Receiver- demodulation-AM & FM radio receivers-super heterodyne radio receiver. |

Unit-II: Fiber Optic Communication | Introduction –structure of optical fiber –total internal reflection in optical fiber – principal and propagation of light in optical fiber - acceptance angle - numerical aperture – types of optical fibers based on material – number of modes – refractive index profile - fiber optical communication system (block diagram) - fiber optic sensors – Temperature sensor – fiber optic endoscope. |

Unit-III: Radar Communication | Basic radar system -Radar range –Antenna scanning – Pulsed radar system - A- Scope- Plan position indicator- Tracking radar- Moving target indicator- Doppler effect-MTI Principle- CW Doppler Radar- Frequency modulator CW Radar. |

Unit-IV: Satellite Communication | Introduction – history of satellites – satellite communication system – satellite orbits – classification of satellites – types of satellites – basic components of satellite communication – constructional features of satellites- multiple access – communication package – antenna- power source – satellite foot points- satellite communication in India. |

Unit-V: Mobile Communication | GSM – mobile services- concept of cell – system architecture – radio interface – logical channels and frame hierarchy – protocols – localization and calling – Handover- facsimile (FAX) – application – VSAT (very small aperture terminals) – Modem – IPTV (internet protocol television ) – Wi-Fi - 3G (Basic ideas only). |

Books for Study: |

1. Metha V.K., Principles of Electronics, S. Chand & Company Ltd., 2013 2. Anokh Singh and Chopra A.K., Principles of communication Engineering, S. Chand & Company PVT. Ltd., 2013. 3. Mani I. P., A text book of Engineering Physics, Dhanam Publications, Chennai- 42, 2014. |

Books for Reference: |

1. Poornima Thangam I, Satellite communication, Charulatha Publications, 2012. 2. Dennis Roddy and John Coolen, Electronic Communication, PHI, 1990. 3. William C.Y. lee, Cellular telecommunication (second edition), Tata Mcgraw hill, 1991. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Get ideas about Radio transmissions and reception. |

CO2. | Procure knowledge in Fiber optic communication. |

CO3. | Understanding the basics concepts Radar communication. |

CO4. | Acquire knowledge in satellite communication |

CO5. | Understanding the fundamental Mobile communication system. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | - | - | 2 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | 1 | - | - |

CO3 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | 1 | 1 |

CO4 | 1 | - | 1 | - | 1 | - | - | - |

CO5 | - | - | 1 | 2 | 2 | - | - | - |

Hours/Week | 5 | Credits | 4 | ||

Semester | VI |

(Any Twelve Experiments) |

SECTION - A (Any Eight Experiments) |

1. Koenig’s method – Uniform bending. 2. Spectrometer - Grating-minimum deviation method 3. Spectrometer – Grating - dispersive power. 4. Spectrometer - Cauchy's constants. 5. M and H - Absolute determination using deflection and vibration magnetometer. 6. Potentiometer - High range Voltmeter calibration. 7. B.G. Absolute capacity of condenser. 8. Emitter follower amplifier - Frequency response. 9. Colpitt's oscillator using transistor. 10. Astable multi-vibrator using Transistor/op.amp 11. Monostable multi-vibrator using Transistor/op.amp. 12. FET amplifier – Common source. 13. Verification of Boolean Laws (any four.) 14. NAND as universal gate. 15. NOR as universal gate. |

SECTION - B - MICROPROCESSOR 8085.(Any Two) |

1. 8-bit addition and 8-bit subtraction. 2. 8-bit multiplication and 8-bit division. 3. Conversion from decimal to hexadecimal system. 4. Conversion from hexadecimal to decimal system. 5. Conversion from binary to hexadecimal. 6. Conversion from hexadecimal to binary. |

SECTION - C - COMPUTER PROGRAMMING IN C (Any TWO) |

1. Conversion of Centigrade into Fahrenheit. 2. Arranging numbers in ascending order/descending order. 3. Calculation of volume of sphere/cone/cube/rectangular cuboid. 4. Solving quadratic equation. 5. Sum of digits of a series. |

Books for Study: |

1. Dr.S.Somasundaram , Practical Physics, Apsara publications, Tiruchirapalli , 2012. 2. Department of Physics, Practical Physics, (B.Sc Physics Main), St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli 1998.. |

Books for Reference: |

1. S.Srinivasan,A Text Book of Practical physics, S.Sultan Chand publications, 2005. 2. R. Sasikumar, Practical Physics, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2011. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Quantify the measurement of grating minimum deviation, dispersive power, Cauchy’s constant using spectrometer. |

CO2. | To study microprocessor experiments (Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division & conversions). |

CO3. | To study the Computer programming in C. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | - | - | - | 2 | - | 1 | - | - |

CO2 | - | 2 | - | - | - | - | - | - |

CO3 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 1 |

Hours/Week | 4 | Credits | 4 | ||

Semester | III |

Unit-I: COORDINATION CHEMISTRY AND INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY |
Coordination Chemistry: Nomenclature – Werner’s, sidgwick and Pauling’s theories. Chelation - industrial importance of EDTA, Biological role of heamoglobin and Chrophyll. Industrial Chemistry: Fuel gases – Water gas, producer gas, LPG gas, Gobar gas and natural gas. Fertilizers – NPK and mixed Fertilizers- soaps and detergents. |

Unit-II: ELECTRON DISPLACEMENT EFFECTS AND HALOGEN COMPOUNDS |
Polar effects: Inductive effect – Relative Strength of Aliphatic monocarbocylic acid and aliphatic amines. Resonance – Condition for resonance. Consequences of resonance – resonance of energy. Basic property of aniline and acidic property of phenol. Hyperconjugation – Heat of hydrogenation - Bond length and dipole moment. Steric effect. Halogen containing compounds: Important chlorohydrocarbons used as solvents. Pesticides – Dichloromethane, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, DDT and BHC Types of solvents: - Polar, Non polar. |

Unit-III: AROMATIC COMPOUNDS AND ORGANIC REACTIONS |
Aromatic compounds: Structure, stability resonance and aromaticity of benzene. Substitution reaction: Nitration, Halogenations, Alkylation. Naphthalene – Isolation, properties and uses. Organic reaction: Biuret, Decarboxylation, Benzoin, Perkin, Cannizaro, Claisen and Haloform reactions Chemotherapy: Explanation with two examples each for analgesics, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antibiotics, antiseptic and disinfectant, anesthetics local and general (Structures not necessary) |

Unit-IV: SOLID STATE, ENERGETICS AND PHASE RULE |
Solid state: Typical crystal lattices - unit cell, elements of symmetry, Bragg’s equation, Weiss Indices, Miller indices, simple body centered and face centered lattices Energetics: First law of thermodynamics – state and path function – need for the second law – carnots cycle and thermo- dynamic scale of temperature, spontaneous and Non – spontaneous processes – entropy – Gibbs free energy. Phase rule: Phase, component, degree of Freedom, phase rule definitions - one component system– water system. |

Unit-V: CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM AND CHEMICAL KINETICS |
Chemical equilibrium: Criteria of homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibria, -decomposition of HI, N2O4, CaCO3 + Pd5. Chemical Kinetics: Order of reaction and their determinations - activation energy, effects of temperature on reaction rate. |

References: |

1. Gopalan R, Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Edition, Hyderabad, Universities Press, (India), 2012. 2. Morrison R.T. and Boyd R.N., Bhattacharjee S. K. Organic Chemistry (7th edition), Pearson India, (2011) 3. Puri B.R., Sharma L.R. and Pathania M.S. (2013), Principles of Physical Chemistry, (35th edition), New Delhi: Shoban Lal Nagin Chand and Co. |

Books for Reference: |

1. Poornima Thangam I, Satellite communication, Charulatha Publications, 2012. 2. Dennis Roddy and John Coolen, Electronic Communication, PHI, 1990. 3. William C.Y. lee, Cellular telecommunication (second edition), Tata Mcgraw hill, 1991. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | To understand the various theories of coordination chemistry. |

CO2. | To study the various concepts of resonance and halogen compounds. |

CO3. | To study the properties of aromatic compounds and organic reactions. |

CO4. | To learn the concepts of solid state chemistry. |

CO5. | To explain the physical ideas like equilibrium and kinetic in chemistry. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 2 | - | - | - | - | 1 | - | - |

CO2 | - | 1 | - | - | - | - | - | - |

CO3 | 1 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - |

CO4 | 1 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - |

CO5 | - | - | - | - | 2 | - | 1 | - |

Hours/Week | 3 | Credits | 3 | ||

Semester | IV |

I Volumetric Analysis |
1. Acidimetry and alkalimetry (a) Strong acid VS strong base (b) Weak acid VS strong base (c) Determination of hardness of water. 2. Permanganometry (a) Estimation of ferrous sulphate (b) Estimation of oxalic acid 3. Iodometry (a) Estimation of potassium dichromate (b) Estimation of potassium permanganate |

II. Organic Analysis |
Analyse the following organic Compounds. 1. Carbohydrate, 2. Amide, 3. Aldehyde, 4. Ketone, 5. Acid & 6. Amine The students may be trained to perform the specific reactions like tests for elements (nitrogen only), aliphatic or aromatic, saturated or unsaturated and functional group present and record their observations. |

References: |

1. R. Gopalan, Elements of analytical chemistry, S. Chand, New Delhi, 2000. 2. N. S. Gnanapragasam and G. Ramamurthy, Organic Chemistry lab manual,2. N. S. Gnanapragasam and G. Ramamurthy, Organic Chemistry lab manual, S. Viswanathan and Co. Pvt. Ltd. Chennai-1998 |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | To acquire the knowledge in handling the chemical apparatus and chemicals. |

CO2. | To analyse the chemical compound based on their pH value and estimate the presence of Ferrous sulphate, potassium dichromate etc., |

CO3. | To analyse organic compounds by various methods. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - |

CO2 | - | - | - | - | 2 | - | - | 1 |

CO3 | 1 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - |

Hours/Week | 3 | Credits | 2 | ||

Semester | IV |

Unit-I: NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY AND METALLIC BOND |
Nuclear Chemistry : Fundamental particles of nucleus- isotopes, isobars, isotones and isomers – differences between chemical reactions and nuclear reactions, nuclear fusion and fission- radioactive series. Metallic bond : Electron gas, Pauling and band theories, semiconductiors – intrinsic, extrinsic n-type and p-type semi conductors. Compounds of sulphur and sodium thiosulphate |

Unit-II: CARBOHYDRATES, AMINOACIDS AND PROTEINS |
Carbohydrates: classification – glucose and fructose – preparation and properties –structure of glucose – Fischer and Haworth cyclic structures. Amino acids and proteins : Amino acids – Classification based on structure. Essential and non – essentials amino acids – preparation, properties and uses – peptides (elementary treatment only) – proteins – Classification based on physical properties and biological functions. Structure of proteins – primary and secondary (elementary treatment). |

Unit-III: POLYMERS, HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUND AND STEREOISOMERISM |
Synthetic polymers: preparation, properties and uses of teflon, epoxy resins, polyester resin. Heterocyclic compounds: Furan, pyrrole and pyridine – preparation, properties and uses – basic properties of pyridine and pyrrole. Stereoisomerism: Optical isomerism – Lactic and tartaric acid – racemic mixture and resolution. Geometrical isomerism – maleic and fumaric acids. |

Unit-IV: SURFACE AND PHOTO CHEMISTRY | Surface Chemistry: Emulsions, gels – preparation, properties - Electrophoresis and applications, chromatography – Column, paper and thin layer Chromatography. Photochemistry : Laws of photochemistry and applications. |

Unit-V: ELECTROCHEMISTRY, pH AND BUFFER |
Electrochemistry: Specific and equivalent conductivity – their determination – effect of dilution on conductivity. Ostwald’s Dilution law, Kohlrausch law, conductivity measurements, and conductometric titrations. pH and buffer: Importance of pH and buffers – pH determination by colorimetric and electrometric methods. |

References: |

1. B.R. Puri, L.R. Sharma, K.C. Kalia, ‘Principles of Inorganic Chemistry’, 21st edition, Vallabh Publications, 2004-2005. 2. Bahl, B.S. and Bahl, A., Organic Chemistry, (12th edition), New Delhi, Sultan Chand & Co., (2010) 3. Puri B.R., Sharma L.R. and Pathania M.S. (2013), Principles of Physical Chemistry, (35th edition),New Delhi: Shoban Lal Nagin Chand and Co. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | To learn the basics of nuclear chemistry and metallic bond. |

CO2. | To understand the properties and applications of carbohydrates, amino acids and proteins. |

CO3. | To study the basic concepts of polymers, heterocyclic compounds and stereoisomerism. |

CO4. | To explain various laws in surface and photochemistry. |

CO5. | To describe the application of physical laws in electrochemistry and determine pH value of chemical compounds by using physical apparatus. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | - | - | 2 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | 1 | - | - |

CO3 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | - | 1 | - |

CO4 | 1 | - | 1 | - | 1 | - | - | - |

CO5 | - | - | 1 | 2 | 2 | - | - | - |

Hours/Week | 4 | Credits | 4 | ||

Semester | I |

Unit-I: | Successive Differentiation – nth derivative of standard functions (Derivation not needed) simple problems only-Leibnitz Theorem (proof not needed) and its applications- Curvature and radius of curvature in Cartesian only (proof not needed ) – Total differential coefficients (proof not needed) - Jacobians of two & three variables – Simple problems in all these. |

Unit-II: |
Evaluation of integrals of types 1] ∫▒〖(px+q)/(ax^2+bx+c ) dx〗 2] ∫▒(px+q)/√(ax^2+bx+c) dx 3] ∫▒dx/((x+p)√(ax^2+bx+c)) 4]∫▒dx/(a+bcosx) 5] ∫▒dx/(a+bsinx) 6]∫▒(acosx+bsinx+c)/(pcosx+qsinx+c) dx Integration by trigonometric substitution and by parts of the integrals 1] ∫▒〖√(a^2-x^2 ) dx〗 2] ∫▒〖√(a^2+x^2 ) dx〗 3] ∫▒〖√(x^2-a^2 ) dx〗 |

Unit-III: |
General properties of definite integrals – Evaluation of definite integrals of types 1] ∫_a^b▒dx/√((x-a)(b-x)) 2]∫_a^b▒〖√((x-a)(b-x)) dx〗 3]∫_a^b▒√((x-a)/(b-x)) dx Reduction formula (When n is a positive integer) for 1]∫_a^b▒〖e^ax x^n dx〗 2]∫_a^b▒〖〖sin〗^n xdx〗 3]∫_a^b▒〖〖cos〗^n xdx〗 4] ∫_0^x▒〖e^ax x^n dx〗 5] ∫_0^(π/2)▒〖〖sin〗^n xdx〗 6] Without proof ∫_0^(π/2)▒〖〖sin〗^n x〖cos〗^m xdx〗 and illustrations |

Unit-IV: | Evaluation of Double and Triple integrals in simple cases –Changing the order and evaluating of the double integration. (Cartesian only) |

Unit-V: | Definition of Fourier Series – Finding Fourier Coefficients for a given periodic function with period 2 and with period 2 l - Use of Odd & Even functions in evaluating Fourier Coefficients - Half range sine & cosine series. |

References: |

1. S. Narayanan, T.K. Manichavasagam Pillai, Calculus, Vol. I, S. Viswanathan Pvt Limited, 2003 2. S. Arumugam, Isaac and Somasundaram, Trigonometry & Fourier Series, New Gamma Publishers, Hosur, 1999. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | To acquire the knowledge on successive differentiation by Leibnitz theorem and total differentiation by Jacobi’s theorem. |

CO2. | Find radius of curvature and centre of curvature. |

CO3. | Solve basic Integral Calculus problems and Explain properties of definite integrals and Prove reduction formulae and solve some problems by using these formulae. |

CO4. | Evaluate double and triple integrals and also find the value of double and triple integral by change of variable method. |

CO5. | To get an idea of Fourier series and its various forms. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 1 | 3 | - | - | 2 | - | - | - |

CO2 | - | 3 | - | 2 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO3 | - | 3 | - | - | - | - | - | - |

CO4 | - | 3 | - | 2 | - | - | - | - |

CO5 | - | 3 | - | 2 | - | - | - | - |

Hours/Week | 3 | Credits | 4 | ||

Semester | II |

Unit-I: | Binomial, Exponential and Logarithmic series (Formulae only) – summation & approximation related problems only. |

Unit-II: | Non-Singular , Symmetric , Skew symmetric, Orthogonal, Hermitian, Skew Hermitian and Unitary matrices – Characteristic equation , eigen values, eigen vectors – Cayley Hamilton’s Theorem (proof not needed) –Simple applications only. |

Unit-III: | Finding the Shortest distance between two skew lines and the equation of the plane containing them– Condition for Coplanarity – Equation of a Sphere – Tangent plane – Plane section of a sphere.- Finding the center & radius of the circle of intersection – Sphere through the circle of intersection ( only problems in all the above ) |

Unit-IV: | Expansion of sin〖nθ,〗 cos〖nθ,〗 tan〖nθ,〗( n being a positive integer ) - Expansion of 〖sin〗^n θ,〖 cos〗^n θ,〖 sin〗^n θ〖cos〗^m θ in a series of sines & cosines of multiples of θ (θ- given in radians) - Expansion of in terms of powers of sinθ,cosθ,tanθ in terms of powers of θ (only problems in all the above). |

Unit-V: | Euler’s formula for e^iθ- definition of Hyperbolic functions – formulae involving Hyperbolic functions – Relation between Hyperbolic & circular functions – Expansion of sinhx,coshx,tanhx in powers of x – Expansion of inverse functions of sinh^(-1)x,cosh^(-1)x,tanh^(-1)x - separation of real & imaginary parts of sin(x+iy),cos(x+iy),tan〖(x+iy),〗 sinh〖(x+iy),〗 cosh(x+iy),tanh(x+iy) |

TEXT BOOKS: |

1. T.K. Manicavachagam Pillai, T. Natarajan, K.S. Ganapathy, Algebra, Vol. I, S. Viswanathan Pvt Limited, Chennai, 2004 2. S. Narayanan, T.K. Manichavasagam Pillai, S. Viswanathan Pvt Limited, and Vijay Nicole Imprints Pvt Ltd, 2004. 3. T.K.Manickavasagom Pillai, Analytical Geometry (3D) and Vector Calculus, New Gamma Publishing House, 1991. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | To acquire the knowledge on summation of the series. |

CO2. | To develop the idea on various special form of matrix. |

CO3. | Find the angle between planes, Bisector planes, Perpendicular distance from a point to a plane, Image of a line on a plane, Intersection of two lines. Define skew lines and calculate the shortest distance between two skew lines. |

CO4. | Expand sinnθ, cosnθ, and tannθ by using terms Demoivre’s theorems and in terms of θ. |

CO5. | Define hyperbolic and inverse hyperbolic functions. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | - | 3 | - | 2 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO2 | 1 | 2 | - | 1 | 1 | 2 | - | - |

CO3 | - | 3 | - | 1 | - | - | - | - |

CO4 | 1 | 2 | - | 1 | 1 | 2 | - | - |

CO5 | - | 2 | - | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

Hours/Week | 4 | Credits | 4 | ||

Semester | II |

Unit-I: | Ordinary Differential Equation of first of first order but of higher degree – Equations solvable for x, solvable for dy/dx , Clairaut’s form [simple cases only] – Linear equations with constant coefficients - Finding Particular integrals in the cases of e kx , sin (kx) , cos(kx) (where k is a constant ), xk where k is a positive integer , and e kx f (x) where f(x) is any function of x (only problems in all the above – No proof needed for any formula) |

Unit-II: | Formation of Partial differential equations by eliminating constants and by elimination of arbitrary functions – definition of general , particular & complete solutions – Singular integral (geometrical meaning not required ) – Solutions of first order equations in the standard forms - f ( p , q ) = 0 , f ( x , p , q ) = 0 , f ( y , p , q ) = 0 , f ( z , p , q ) = 0, f1 ( x, p ) = f2 ( y , q ) , z = xp+yq+f(p,q) - Lagrange’s method of solving Pp+Qq = R ,where P,Q,R are functions of x,y,z – (Geometrical Meaning is not needed)- (only problems in all the above – No proof needed for any formula ). |

Unit-III: | Laplace Transform – Definition – L(e at ) ,L( cos(at) ) , L (sin (at) ) L( t n ) , where n is a positive integer. Basic theorems in Laplace Transforms (formula only)- L [e -st cos bt], L [e -st sin bt ], L [e -st f ( t ) ] – L [ f ( t ) ], L[f’ (t ) ], L [f ” ( t ) ] . |

Unit-IV: | Inverse Laplace Transforms related to the above standard forms – Solving Second Order ODE with constant coefficients using Laplace Transforms. |

Unit-V: | Gradient of a vector – directional derivative – unit normal vector - tangent plane – Divergence-Curl – solenoidal & irrotational vectors – Double operators - Properties connecting grad., div., and curl of a vector. |

TEXT BOOKS: |

1. S.Narayanan, Differential Equations, S. Viswanathan Publishers, 1996. 2. S. Narayanan, T.K. Manicavachagam Pillai, Calculus, Vol. II, S. Viswanathan Pvt Limited, 2003 3. M.L. Khanna, Differential Calculus, Jaiprakashnath and Co., Meerut-2004. |

**Course Outcomes (CO) : On completion of the course, students should be able to**

Number | CO Statement |
---|---|

CO1. | Extract the solution of differential equations of the first order and of the first degree by variables separable, Homogeneous and Non-Homogeneous methods. find a solution of differential equations of the first order and of a degree higher than the first by using methods of solvable for p, x and y. |

CO2. | Compute all the solutions of second and higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, linear equations with variable coefficients. Solve simultaneous linear equations with constant coefficients, total differential equations, Form partial differential equations and find the solution of First order partial differential equations for some standard types. |

CO3. | To acquire the knowledge on Laplace transforms. |

CO4. | Use inverse Laplace transform to return familiar functions and Apply Laplace Transform to solve second order linear differential equation and simultaneous linear differential equations |

CO5. | Find and interpret the gradient, curl and divergence for a function at a given point. Interpret line, surface and volume integrals. Evaluate integrals by using Green’s theorem, Stokes theorem and Gauss’s theorem. |

**PO - CO MAPPING MATRIX:**

CO | PO | PSO | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PO1 | PO2 | PO3 | PO4 | PO5 | PSO1 | PSO2 | PSO3 | |

CO1 | 2 | - | - | 1 | - | 2 | - | 1 |

CO2 | - | 2 | - | 1 | 1 | - | - | - |

CO3 | - | - | 2 | 1 | 2 | - | - | - |

CO4 | 1 | - | - | 1 | 2 | - | - | - |

CO5 | - | 3 | - | 1 | - | - | - | - |